Khmelnitsky’s Ukrainian Russia

Ukraine, 1600s: “But so many Jews are in charge! Of course they control everything!”

We paid the price for managing estates we did not own, Polish land.

Bogdan Khmelnitsky’s Cossacks devastated us along with them in pogroms so widespread and so murderous we still can’t calculate the damage.

And in the end…he made a treaty with Russia.

By Dr. Dannielle Blumenthal (Dossy). All opinions are the author’s own. Public domain.