Bias + Flaws = ____? (Conspiracy to Interfere In A Presidential Election?)

The following information is simplified* from the introduction to Part IV of the Durham Report, “Background Facts and Prosecution Decisions.” Durham did not conclude that there was a conspiracy.


The FBI investigated Carter Page, a former Trump campaign advisor, in the spring of 2016.

  • It obtained four FISA warrants to surveil Page.
  • The warrants were based on flawed information.

The FBI opened an investigation into Trump’s campaign, called Crossfire Hurricane, in July 2016.

  • No evidence was found of collusion between the Trump campaign and Russia.
  • No individuals were charged with a crime related to Crossfire Hurricane.
  • Several matters were referred to other agencies for further investigation.

Political Bias

The FBI’s investigation into Trump’s campaign was controversial, and some people believe that the FBI was biased against Trump.

  • The FBI did not investigate Clinton’s campaign for possible wrongdoing in the same way that it investigated Trump’s campaign.
  • Some FBI officials exchanged text messages that showed a bias against Trump.

Key Findings

The Special Counsel’s Office:

  • Did not find any evidence of collusion between the Trump campaign and Russia.
  • Did find that the FBI’s investigation was flawed.

*Text simplified by AI and edited and reorganized by Dr. Blumenthal. All opinions are the author’s own.